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Turabian citation style

A guide to citing sources using Turabian Style, 9th edition

Turabian style guides

Looking for something to print? Download our PDF guides:

For more comprehensive information, see A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Ninth Edition:

Introduction to Turabian style

In 1937, Kate L. Turabian wrote a guide for students based on the The Chicago Manual of Style guidelines. This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two Chicago style patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts.

If your instructor requires you to use Chicago style for your assignment, you will need to consult our dedicated Chicago guide, as there are some differences between the two styles.

Turabian 9th edition